Hernia is a protrusion of a tissue, or part of an organ through the uscular tissue or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernias occur when one part of the body protrudes through a gap or opening into another part. Many Hernias occur in the abdomen between your chest and hips, but they can also appear in the upper thigh and groin areas. Another common hernia involves the intervertebral disc and causes pack pain or sciatica.
- Most small hiatal hernias cause no problems. But larger hernias may cause heartburn, belching or chest pain when stomach acids back up into your food pipe. These signs and symptoms tend to become worse when you lean forward, strain, life heavy objects or lie down, and they can also worsen during pregnancy.
- In rare cases, the part of your stomach that protrudes into your chest cavity may become twisted or have its blood supply cut off.
- Severe chest pain.
- Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
- Obstruction of your oesophagus.
- Hiatel hernia occur when the muscle tissue surround the opning in the diaphragm becomes weak and the upper of your stomach bulges through the diaphragm into your chest cavity.
- Anything that puts intense pressure on your abdomen - including coughing or vomiting, pregnancy, straining while going to the bathroom or lifting heavy objects.
- A hiatal hernia can also cause heartburn if the herniated portion of your stomach becomes a reservoir for gastric acid, which can then easily travel up your esophagus.
- Most abdominal hernias can be surgically repaird and recovery rarely requires long-term changes in lifestyle.
- Eat small meals, Large meals can distend your stomach, pushing it into your chest.
- Avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, chocolate, onions, spicy food, spearmint and peppermint, all of which increase production of stomach acid and relax the lower esophageal sphincter.
- Limit fatty foods
- Don’t exercise immediate after eating.
Lose weight. If you are over weight, slimmering down helps reduce the pressure on your stomach