GD - Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the lining of the large intestine. The inflammation usually occurs in the rectum and lower part of the colon, but it may affect the entire colon. Ulverative colitis rarely affects the small intestine except for the end section, called the terminal ileum. Ulcerative colitis may also be called colitis or proctitis. Ulcers form in places where the inflammation has killed the cells lining the colon, the ulcers bleed and produce pus.
- Abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Urgency to defecate
- Loss of appetite.
- Frequent fever.
- The exact cause of ulcerative colitis remains unknown. The most popular theory among many is that the body’s immune system reacts to a virus or bacterium by causing ongoing inflammation in the intestinal wall.
- Ulcerative colitis is not caused by emotional distress or sensitivity to certain foods or food products, but these factors may trigger symptoms in some people.
- Most people are treated with medication. In severe cases, a patient may need surgery to remove the diseased colon. Surgery is the only cure for ulcerative colitis.
- Each person may experience ulcerative colitis differently, so treatment is adjusted for each individual. Emotional and psychological support is important.
- The patient may need a special diet for the recovery.
- Click here for more guidelines and diet plan.