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Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by the decreased ability or complete inability of the tissues to utilize carbohydrates, accompanied by changes in the metabolism of fat, protein, water and electrolytes. The disorder is due to a deficiency or diminished effectiveness of the harmone insulin. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by the decreased ability or complete inability of the tissues to utilize carbohydrates, accompanied by changes in the metabolism of fat, protein, water and electrolytes. The disorder is due to a deficiency or diminished effectiveness of the harmone insulin.
 

Types of diabetes

  1. Insulin – dependent diabetes mellitus.
  2. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
  3. Malnutrition-related diabetes mellitus.

 

Symptoms :

  1. Increased appetite
  2. Weight loss
  3. Frequent urination
  4. Blurry vision
  5. Sores that don’t heal

 

Treatment :

  1. More carbohydrates must be given as complex rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose
  2. The foods which are in higher scale of glycemic index should not be encouraged in the diet.
  3. Insulin therapy with multiple injections of soluble insulin may be needed.
  4. A therapeutic diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet plan is based on the height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and the type of diabetes.

 

Click here for more guidelines and diet plan.